There are several types of cracked teeth. Cracks or fractures can appear as small cracks in the enamel of the teeth, these typically cause no pain and do not generally require any treatment from one of our dentists. Then there is the fractured cusp which usually occurs around a dental filling, which also doesn't cause much pain as it does not affect the pulp of the tooth.
Split teeth are the teeth with a crack that travels from the surface to below the gum line. This fracture can actually be separated into two segments and it is unlikely the entire tooth can be saved. Sometimes there are cracks that extend vertically that haven't yet reached the gum line and the tooth may have to be extracted. Prompt treatment is the best option for saving this type of crack or fracture.
Finally, there is what is called the vertical root fracture and this type of crack begins below the gum line travel upward this type of fracture won't produce much in the way of symptom unless the tooth should become infected. Again, it is likely that the chance is the tooth will have to be extracted.
The Actual Symptoms of a Fractured Tooth
Not every Fractured tooth will produce telltale symptoms that you have a crack or a fracture, but some more common ones might include, pain when chewing or biting, especially when you release the bite. Extreme sensitivity to cold, heat or sweetness. When you have pain, but only sometimes, it will rarely be continuous pain. One of the most common symptoms and easiest to spot will be the swelling of the gum around the affected tooth area.
We encourage you to call our office right away if you think you may have a fractured tooth, it may be difficult to tell and you may not have all the signs or symptoms, but give us a call and let us get you in to see us so we can diagnose exactly what is causing your pain and what the problem may be to prevent further pain and damage.